About the project

In 2016 the Russian Ministry of Economic Development launched the priority project “Development of innovative clusters – world-class investment attractiveness leaders”. Its main goals are creating accelerated growth points, promoting innovation-based development, high-technology exports and technology commercialisation, increasing productivity, creating highly productive jobs, and strengthening the country’s competitiveness. The new initiative builds on the experience of the pilot innovative cluster support programme, while emphasising several top-priority areas. These include:

  • Creating a cluster management system based on best practices and high-quality human resources, in particular training regional management teams to run the leading clusters;
  • Providing broader access to existing regional development support initiatives, including public funding, development institutions, special economic zones and advanced socio-economic development areas;
  • Helping territories integrate into development programmes being implemented by suppliers to major companies with public participation;
  • Providing support with gaining access to international markets, including export promotion, attracting investments, and facilitating cooperation with foreign partners. Innovative clusters’ key development areas in the priority project context include the following:
  • Becoming technological leaders;
  • Adopting efficient technology commercialisation systems;
  • Providing support to fast-growing medium-sized companies (gazelles)
  • Helping with modernisation of “anchor” companies
  • Creating a world-class investment attraction system; adapting the education system to meet cluster members’ needs;
  • Putting in place a highly effective management system comprising a cluster management company and relevant supervising regional executive authorities.

 

The priority project is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2020, and includes the following stages:

1) Organising and conducting competitive (tender-based) selection of Russian regions with innovative clusters meeting the project criteria;

2) Designing a management system for the selected innovative clusters, based on international standards (in particular the requirements of the European Secretariat for Cluster Analysis);

3) Giving the project participants access to the existing territorial development initiatives, including regional authorities’ and federal development institutions’ programmes;

4) Helping with designing regional programmes to promote investments, innovation, and economic growth in clusters’ home regions;

5) Helping with gaining access to global markets (among other things to export innovative products), and with attracting investments;

6) Facilitating cooperation with international partners.

 

The following targets are expected to be met when the project is completed by the end of 2020:

  • Increasing per employee output by at least 20% compared to 2016;
  • Creating or upgrading at least 100 thousand highly productive jobs;
  • Attracting at least 300 billion roubles in investments from non-public sources;
  • Spending on R&D conducted jointly by two or more cluster members, or one or more member jointly with foreign organisations, at least 100 billion roubles;
  • Increasing the number of patents for inventions issued to cluster members at least 3 times; creating at least 300 technology start-ups which have received investments;
  • Doubling cluster members’ total revenues from non-primary exports compared to 2016;
  • Increasing the average share of value added in cluster members’ revenue by at least 20% compared to 2016.